Comments 5

How to prepare for WAT-GD-PI – I

Now that the calls have started coming out, the time to prepare for WAT-GD-PI has come. But how does one go about it? It all seems like a vast sea with no beginning and no end. A single post covering all three — WAT, GD & PI — will be unwieldy, to say the least, so I will do a series of posts that will help you kick-start your prep for the second stage.

What is the common thread tying WAT, GD & PI?

On the face of it, it might seem like WAT, GD & PI are different beasts altogether and besting each one of them requires different skill sets. Well, at some level, they can be equated to the different formats in cricket — Test Cricket, ODIs & T20s (not in any order) — while the format is different and there are specialists in each format, the core skill tested are cricketing skills.

Over the years, the core skill tested in each of GD, WAT  and PI is your awareness of Current Affairs.

That GDs and WATs test GK and Current Affairs is something that need not be stated. But even in PIs, interviewers want to test how aware you are of the world around you. For example, they might ask you to

  • name all the districts in your home state as you travel from North to South
  • the names of CEOs of leading companies in your sector
  • your view on recent political events in your state or sector
  • your view on events of national importance or policy

Your knowledge of people and essential trivia about what you call your hobbies (it is trivia because it is just a statistic, but it is essential because you have mentioned something as your hobby)

So what you need to first understand is that at some level the second stage is closer to preparing for the Civil Services, albeit a very watered down version.

In this post, we will deal with how to go about preparing for the WAT.

What kind of topics crop up in GDs & WATs?

The topics for GDs and WATs broadly fall into four categories:

  • Policy-based
  • Issue-based/Topical
  • Lateral-Abstract

Policy-based WAT-GD topics

These are the kind of GD-WAT topics you do not want to encounter in the second stage since their focus is on important policies or legislation that has been in the news in the year past. For example, what were the big policy-based debates in the last year?

  • The War In Ukraine
  • India and Russian Oil
  • The End of Cryptocurrency
  • The Climate Change Conference
  • Universal Basic Income (UBI) and Inflation

Some institutes such as IIFT, tend to favour topics based on economic policy such as the last one in the list above.

Issue-based or Topical WAT-GD Topics

Every year there are a few issues/events that capture both public and media imagination, generate a lot of debate and hence become topics worthy of discussion in a WAT or a GD. The IIMs and other premier b-schools would like to see how prospective students view this issue, what sort of a perspective they have and how well they are able to put forth their arguments.

What have been the significant issues over the past year? To name a few

  • Work from home forever?
  • Is climate anxiety real?
  • The rise and rise of the strongman politician 

It is important to note that the topics might not always be presented in a straightforward manner. The topics above would need you to know not just about what is happening nationally but also about what is happening internationally, both in terms of issues and in terms of politicians.

While these are specific issue-based topics. There are other topics that are based on broader debates of a more topical nature. For example,

  • Can India overtake China in terms of  GDP?
  • Economy versus Ecology
  • Should capital punishment be abolished?
  • Entrepreneurship and India

Lateral-Abstract WAT-GD Topics

And then there are topics that do not test your knowledge of current affairs or policies. For example,

  • It is better to trust a woman’s instinct than a man’s reason.
  • If there was one invention/discovery from the past(recent or distant) that you would have liked to have made, which one would it be and why?
  • A true traveller is never bothered about the destination and is not intent on arriving.
  • Space.

How and where does one start preparation for WAT-GD-PI?

Well, if there was a pill or an injection or a book that would deliver all the information you would need neatly packaged, I would give that to you.

But from this point on, the point after you have cleared the written test, your success in life will not rely on your ability to reproduce things from books or the ability to solve problems that have nothing to do with the real world. The road to success is not paved with MCQs and past papers; it will be harder to win.

So I would want you to start your WAT-GD-PI Prep by putting in the effort to gather information/opinion/analyses from various sources.

And if there is one place to really get in-depth information about the Indian economy, industry reports, policies, and future roadmaps, it is this.


You might have to create an account to download PDFs but do it.

Please understand that you will face similar GDs three months into your study at a b-school when faced with Summer Placements.

You need to stop being a student or a techie and start thinking like someone who wants to enter the world of business management and build a great career. And that will not happen if you are not curious enough to read all the McKinsey articles.

For articles on issue-based topics, you need to look no further than these three sites ScrollOpen, and Caravan.

So start your WAT-GD-PI preparation by

  • Reading the newspaper inside out every day, including the Business, World News & Editorials sections.
  • Researching the policy-based topics listed above
  • Reading articles from the sources mentioned



  1. narayanan21 says

    Hi sir,
    I calculated my XAT score from the candidate response sheet (response+answer sheet) and the scores are as follows :

    PART A

    VARC = 14.75
    DM = 7.45
    QA & DI = 7.3
    Total = 29.5

    PART B
    General awareness = 13

    (The scores mentioned above includes the deduction of negative marking for wrong and unattempted questions)

    What will be my percentile? Is this a good score and can I expect a call from a decent B-school with these scores?

    Thanks & Regards
    Narayanan G


  2. Chandrakant says

    For a PI what is better a subjectively interesting story with less content/information or a story with more content but mighty not be interesting to hear.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.